National Guard Mexican Border Campaign muster rolls
These records are housed in the Utah State Archives' permanent storage room.
An agency history is available.
Scope and Content
This series is a record of Utah National Guard units mustered into military service during the Mexican Border Campaign of 1916-1917. It contains muster-in and muster-out rolls of Utah National Guardsmen. The muster-in rolls include the following types of information for each serviceman: name, rank, description (age, height, complexion, eye color and hair color), birthplace, occupation, marital status, residence, emergency contact, date of commission or enlistment in state service, home station or company rendezvous, and signature. The content of the muster-out rolls is similar but much abbreviated.
Three identical rolls were made at the time of mustering-in for each service unit or troop, and were dispersed as follows: one copy to the Adjutant General of the Army; the second copy to the regimental commander; and the third copy to the Adjutant General of the state to which the troops belonged. Notably, separate muster-in rolls were created for each officer, with some slight variations in content.
Participation of National Guard units in the Mexican Border Campaign began on June 18, 1916 when President Woodrow Wilson began calling up units to help defend the Southern borders of the United States against raids being conducted by Mexican revolutionary factions. The First Utah Cavalry, along with the First Field Artillery, Field Hospital and Sanitary Department represented Utah in this conflict.
By unit and rank
Rolls are arranged by unit and rank. Within each service unit or troop, commissioned and noncommissioned officers are listed first according to rank. Thereunder, privates are listed in alphabetic order by surname and then given name.
The muster rolls are preceded by a group of rosters that list a portion of the Utah National Guardsmen involved in the conflict, by service unit or troop. The creator and origin of the rosters, and thus their reliability, is unknown. The muster rolls are ordered as follows: muster-in rolls for officers, then muster-in rolls for troops and service units, and lastly, muster-out rolls for troops and service units. The First Utah Cavalry was divided into two squadrons, which were further divided into eight troops--each identified with a letter of the alphabet, A-H. The muster rolls for these troops appear in alphabetic order, flanked at either the front or back by rolls for the other Utah National Guard units that participated in the Mexican Border Campaign.
Mexican border campaign service cards from the Department of Administrative Services. Division Archives and Records Service, Series 6131, are a microfilm copy of cards which provide brief data on members of the Utah National Guard who served in the Mexican Border Campaign, including their service unit.
Mexican border campaign records from the National Guard, Series 6305, are comprised of administrative records and correspondence created by Utah National Guard units during their involvement in the Mexican Border Campaign. They include a hard copy of the units' muster-out rolls.
Adjutant General's records from the National Guard, Series 6308, provide a comprehensive account of the activities of the office of the Adjutant General, the chief administrative officer of the National Guard. They include sundry items related to the Mexican Border Campaign, such as correspondence, telegrams, and rosters.
This series is classified as Public.
Cite the Utah State Archives and Records Service, the creating agency name, the series title, and the series number.
This series was processed by Anissa Taylor in January 2002.
- Utah National Guard--Administration.
- Utah National Guard--Personnel management.
- Utah National Guard--Maneuvers.
- United States--Boundaries--Mexico.